Есикова Елена Владимировна
МОУ СОШ № 21 города Ставрополя
Заместитель директора по ЭР, учитель английского языка высшей квалификационной категории, Почетный работник общего образования РФ, победитель конкурса лучших учителей ПНПО
Stavropol Territory is situated in the Northern Caucasus in the centre of area that lies between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. The 45th parallel of northern hemisphere passes through its main city Stavropol. The territory borders the Rostov Region and Kalmykia in the north, Daghestan Republic, Czech Republic in the east, Northern Ossetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkess Republic in the south and Krasnodar Territory in the west. The borders’ length is about 1500 kilometres long.
As a result of the Russian-Turkish War (1768-1774) the government of Turkey made Russia a number of important political and territorial assignments. They were afraid of Russia’s strengthening influence on the territories of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, that’s why the Turkish government tried to stir up native people’s hatred against Russia. They did it with the help of their counterspies and Moslem priesthood.
The English and French government wanted to make the Crimea and the Caucasus their colonies, so they did their best to prolong the war. Peaceful coexistence in the southern districts of Russia was constantly broken. Government entrusted the building of advanced posts that would defend the Russian borders from the enemies to Grigori Potyomkin.
He ordered to inspect the borders from Mozdok to Azov and to make a project of the defence zone. That zone had to include ten fortresses and a lot of advanced posts and redoubts. Kuban, Volga and Hoper Cossacks had to defend the border.
Stavropol fortress was founded on October 22, 1777. In a short period of time it became the most important in the Azov - Mozdok defence zone. The main post road from the centre of Russia to the Caucasus also ran through the fortress. The building of several fortresses in this zone stopped in 1778 because the Kuban defence zone was constructed by Suvorov. In spring 1779 the Russian government ordered to destroy the Kuban fortifications according to peace agreement with Turkey. At the same time the building of the Azov - Mozdok defence zone’s fortresses was continued.
But the Caucasian princes demanded to destroy the Stavropol fortress and others in the Azov - Mozdok defence zone. They even tried to occupy Alexander’s fortress, Aleksey’s redoubt and the Stavropol fortress but were given a thorough rating.
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