Kuzbass, «The steel heart of Siberia»
Жиденко Екатерина Михайловна
МБОУ «Гимназия №25» г. Кемерово
Учитель английского языка, молодой специалист, стаж работы 1 год, выпускница КПК и КемГУ (по специальности РГФ)
The Kuzbass is called “the steel heart of Siberia” because today it is the second metallurgical base of Russia after the Urals. Kemerovo region is very rich in mineral resources. The most important of them are coal, iron ore, manganese, aluminum, precious metals and non-ferrous metals. The Kuzbass is an important industrial centre now. Kemerovo region plays one of the most important roles in the Russian economy. According to the volume of the industrial output the Kuzbass is the 13th in Russia. Kuznetsk coal basin is the greatest coal basin in Russia and in the whole world. The coal mining industry of our region consists of 76 mines and 25 opencast collieries. More than 100 million tons of coal are mined in the Kuzbass per year.
To the point, “the steel heart of Siberia” is the most densely populated region of western Siberia. Its population is 2 962 000 people. There are 20 towns and cities in Kemerovo region. The Kuzbass is a multiethnic region. The first inhabitants of our region were Shortsys and Teleuts (Turkic people). According to the 2002 census, there are 14000 Shortsys in Russia, 11554 of them live in the Kuzbass and there are 2650 Teleuts in Russia, 2534 live in the Kuzbass. Their language is classified as a southern dialect within the group of dialects which is called Altay language.
The nature of our region is beautiful. There are many forests, especially pine, birch and fir forests. One can often meet many wild animals, such as fox, brown bear, wolf, hare, lynx, beaver. Tourists spend much time exploring the splendid nature of our region. The administrative centre of Kemerovo region is Kemerovo. And the most interesting thing is that the minor planet 2140 Kemerovo discovered in 1970 by Soviet astronomer Tamara Mikhailovna Smirnova is named after Kemerovo Oblast. It’s a great honor!
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