SAINT-PETERSBRG, THE MONUMENT TO NICHOLAS I
Павлова Евгения Александровна
ГОУ Лицей № 387 имени Н. В. Белоусова г. Санкт- Петербурга
Учитель английского языка - Рябошапка Елена Петровна
In St. Petersburg there is one unique monument, which has only two points of support. I want to present the monument to Nicholas I on the Isaac’s Square.
The monument to Emperor Nicholas I was designed by sculptor Peter Klodt on the Monferran’s project (the pedestal of the monument) and set in 1859. It was the first equestrian monument in the city, which has only two fulcrums. In order to balance the hollow bronze statue had to intensify a weight of a back part of the six-meter horse, through the whole pedestal to the base of the pass pillars from the back of the hoofs of the horse. It is the eleventh, the last and the most beautiful horse created by Klodt.
The monument was installed on the pedestal with bas-reliefs glorifying the reign of Nicholas I. Multi-level pedestal consists of 118 individual stones, such as the Finnish red and dark-grey Serdobolskiy granite, purple porphyry and Italian white marble.
The emperor is depicted in the Horse Guards’ parade uniform. On the pedestal there are 4 allegorical figures reflecting the main features of his reign: Power, Wisdom, Faith, Justice (their faces have a portrait similarities with the wife and daughters of Nicholas I).
According to the legend, witty men have noticed at once that the monuments to Nicholas I and Peter I are installed on the same axis, turned to one side and are separated from each other by St. Isaac’s Cathedral. Already next day after the opening of the monument to Nicholas there was inscription “Won’t catch up”, and the in St. Petersburg crawled jokes, like “a Fool catching up of smart, but Isaac stands in the way”.
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