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THE HISTORY OF KURSK

Литвинова Анастасия, ученица 11 А класса МОУ «Средняя общеобразовательная школа №8 имени К.К.Рокоссовского» города Курска
Учитель – Юносова Елена Валерьевна

Kursk is my hometown. It is a beautiful place which is worth visiting.
Kursk is rich in history and culture. It was founded on a high cape at the confluence of the Tuskar and the Kur rivers. The Kur gave the name to my town.
At the beginning of the 11th century Kursk was chronicled as an important town. There were many buildings, markets and workshops there. It was great strategic value to Kiev Russia. Raiders and marauders were stopped in their tracks at its gates many times .It seemed the inhabitants of Kursk were excellent warriors and famous for their military skills. One of the first wooden fortress was built here.
At the beginning of the 18th century provinces were formed by Peter I. Kursk became the economic and cultural centre of Kursk provinces.
During the Poltava battle Kursk province was very important for the army of Peter I as there was a military hospital in it.
Despite being such an important town most of its buildings were made of wood. Fire destroyed its walls but at the end of the 18th century the situation started to improve. An innovative construction plan called for the town to construct “blocks” with straight streets and stone buildings.
During the Patriotic War of 1812 Kursk wasn’t the front town, but it fuelled the war effort by being a distribution centre for food, weapons, horses, clothing for the Russian Army. The citizens of Kursk gathered and donated nearly 2 million rubles to the war effort.
In the second part of the 19th century Kursk developed rapidly. Railroads were built. It was one of the first towns to open a tram line in 1898.
During the Great Patriotic war Kursk was destroyed very much. Its people were ferocious fighters and defenders of Kursk and our Motherland. One of the greatest battles of the war, Kursk battle, was fought near my town.
Today Kursk is very nice. And every day it is becoming more and more beautiful. I am proud of my town.


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