NAKHICHEVAN, OF THE ARMENIANS TO THE DON
My name is Vakchtang. My parents and I are Armenians but my home city is Rostov-on-Don. My dad told me an interesting story about the resettlement of the Armenians to the Don. For over two centuries the Armenians are living on the Don. There were several stages of the resettlement of the Armenians. The first group of settlers set out on the way on August 18, the second – on August 22, the third - on September 18, 1778. By the end of 1779 the settlers had reached the lower reaches of the Don. By the decree of Empress Catherine II on November 25, 1779 the Armenians were given 86 thousand acres of land next to the castle of St. Dmitri Rostovsky, and they were allowed to found a city (Nakhichevan), and five villages (Chaltyr, Crimea, Big Sala, Small Sala, Nesvitay). So that was the ending of this migration. The above-mentioned decree of Catherine II was read on the central square of the future city (Karl Marx Square nowadays). After a year and a half of resettlement associated with great difficulties the Armenians received the right for a permanent residence. On the imperial territory at the mouth of the Don, the city of Nakhichevan and the villages were founded by the Armenians.
Nakhichevan was a very unusual city with an indescribable colour. The city where Europe, Asia and ancient history came together. In general we can say that Nakhichevan was an international city, where people of different nationalities could co-exist. In 1929 Nakhichevan became the part of Rostov-on-Don, and since then it is called Proletarsky District of Rostov.
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