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PETERHOF

Афанасьев Николай, ученик 10 «Б» класса.
Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение города Москвы
cредняя общеобразовательная школа №310 «У Чистых прудов».
Учитель английского языка Беленкова Наталия Марковна

Now I live in Moscow but I was born in Peterhof and love this town so much. Peterhof is situated not far from St.Petersburg and is often called the “capital of fountains”. The history of Peterhof, as a royal residence, is associated mainly with the Russian emperors. It was the place where different balls and fireworks were held. Peterhof is situated on two terraces with a wonderful view of the Gulf of Finland. The center of the ensemble is the Great Palace, which is situated on the upper terrace. The main decoration of Peterhof is made of hundreds of different fountains and statues. The Great Palace is surrounded by the Upper and Lower Parks. They are decorated with numerous pavilions where all kinds of entertainments occurred. In 1918 the residence was turned into a museum and opened for public. During the Great Patriotic War Peterhof was occupied by German troops from 1941 to 1944 and suffered greatly during that period. The fascist invaders destroyed almost all the palaces and fountains, thousands of old trees were cut down. The Great Palace was blown up and burnt in the fire. Wide anti-tank ditches were dug in the central part of the Upper Garden. Monuments and bronze statues, all values were taken out to Germany. In 1944 the restoration work started.
Now palaces, parks and fountains of Peterhof have returned their glory, magnificence and greatness.
In 1990 palaces and parks of Peterhof comprised a state architectural and historical memorial. Since that year it has been protected by UNESCO as a site of world heritage. At present there are many educational establishments, sport schools and health centers in Peterhof. Now it is not only a world-famous monument but a modern developing town as well.


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