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Ust-Ilimsk, history

Соболь Богдан, ученик 6 А класса
МОУ «СОШ № 15», г. Усть-Илимск, Иркутская область
Лобанова Елена Александровна, учитель английского языка

Ust-Ilimsk is my hometown. It is quite young and modern. But I was interested in its history. I found out that there was the town Ilimsk. It was situated on the river Ilim, a tributary of the Angara River.
Many years ago, Ilimsk was a fort and had a great history. The Cossack troops under the leadership of the chieftains Maxim Perfil’ev, Basil Bugor, Pantelei Penda, Ivan Galkin came to the river Ilim and formed the first Russian settlement. In 1631, they found an Ilimsk fortress. They cut down the century-old larch-trees, built the houses, and took their wives the most beautiful Tunguska women. They began farming, fishing and hunting. The road to the Lena River started from Ilimsk. It was a base for expedition outfit of Siberian explorations. There were many storehouses for food and powder, inns, shopping arcades, a custom house, three churches.
Some famous people were in Ilimsk. Erofei Khabarov lived here for many years and he started his expedition of Far East exploration from this town. Alexander Radishchev was in the exile for his freedom ideas written in his book “Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow”, and he spent here six years from 1791 to 1797. There is a Radishchev memorial in Ust-Ilimsk.
Nowadays, Ilimsk is on the bottom of the Angara reservoir after the building of the hydro-electric power station in 1974. But you can see some old peasant houses, the Kazan church and the Spassky tower of the Ilimsk Fortress in the architectural and ethnographical museum Taltsy near Irkutsk. They were saved from sinking and were moved away to make the exhibition of Russian wooden architecture. They are more than 350 years old and made without any nails.
We live now in a new town called Ust-Ilimsk and it is on the upper banks of the Angara River, but we remember the history of the pioneers of Siberia and Ilimsk.


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