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Moscow, Chaplygin street

Тернопол Роман, ученик 11 «Б» класса
Государственное образовательное учреждение города Москвы
cредняя общеобразовательная школа №310 «У Чистых прудов»
Учитель английского языка Беленкова Наталия Марковна

ChaplyginStreetis situated not far from Chistye Prudy, Pokrovka Streetand Haritonievsky Side Street. To my mind it is one of the most beautiful streets in Moscow with a rich history.Its first name was Mashkov Side Street in honor of V. I.Mashkov who was a dignitary of the Russian Emperor’s court and a rich man at the XVIII century. He also owned some houses inthis Side Street.In 1910-1912an architect Gustav Gelrih designed and built a house № 1.The apartment house was entitled ‘legendary’ due to some of its inhabitants.
In different years many well-known people stayed and lived in this house, among them a chemistA.E. Chichibabin,a microbiologist N.F. Gamaleya, a biologist A.N. Bach, a historian J.V. Gauthier, an economistP.I. Lyashenko, V.S. Kulebakin who set up an Institute of Automation and Telemechanics.The house witnessed a meeting of Maxim Gorky and Vladimir Lenin.In the late 20s of the previous century a popular and well-known actor A.P. Ktorov lived here. People said that A.P.Ktorov was the only actor of those times who could wear a top hat and a tailcoat perfectly. From 1920 to 1941 S. A. Chaplyginone of the founders of modern aerodynamics and from 1930 to 1971Ernst Krenkela famous explorer of the North Pole lived in this house.
In 1942 the street was named after S. A. Chaplygin. S. A.Chaplygin was a pupil and a colleague of N.E.Zhukovsky, a famous Russian scientist a professor of Moscow State University.S. A.Chaplygin made great contribution into world science and in aviation research in particular.
He developed methods of approximation for solving differential equations, studied high velocity aeromechanics and the theory of the airplane wing.
Nowadays the apartment house № 1has become remarkable due to its cellar where since 1978there is the Moscow Theatre directed by Oleg Tabakov.


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