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Suzdal - The Golden Ring of Russia

Москва, ГОУ СОШ №1078
Ученица 7 класса Мустафаева Эльнара
Учитель Корнеева Н.М.

My name is El’nara. I live in Moscow. I would like to tell you about Suzdal.
Suzdal is one of the oldest Russian cities and it is the Pearl of Russia's Golden Ring.
Suzdal is mentioned in Russian chronicles for the early 11th century, was a major city on the northeastern frontier of the then powerful state of Kievan Rus. By the mid -12th century Suzdal was the capital city of the principality of Rostov-Suzdal and the centre of the birth of early Russian architecture in white stone. Then Suzdal was incorporated within the principality of Vladimir-Suzdal, celebrated for its peerless gems of 12th-13th century architecture. Between 1222 and 1225 the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin was built by local craftsmen. The monasteries built in the 14th and 15th centuries as fortified outposts, a long way beyond the earthern ramparts of the citadel, were originally of wood, but in the early 16th century they were replaced by stone structures. The more conspicuous among them are the Spaso-Yevfimievsky, Rizopolozhensky and Pokrovsky monasteries. In the late 14th century Suzdal came under the Grand Dukes of Muscovy and relinquished all political significance, to become a major religious centre.
Intensive construction was undertaken in the city itself between the 14th and 17th centuries. The monasteries were architecturally completed, and erected within the citadel were the Bishop Chambers, a rare specimen of 17th-century civil architecture. In this same period much construction was done in the merchant and artisan community outside the walls of the citadel and monasteries, with upwards of thirty parish churches, each with a tall bell-tower.
Suzdal is a very interesting place in our country and it is our great heritage.
Welcome to Suzdal!


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