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History of Cheboksary

Белякова Елена Валерьевна
МБОУ «СОШ №37»
г. Чебоксары Чувашской Республики
Учитель английского языка

The old city of Cheboksary is the architectural monument of Russia. I would like to tell you about the history of my town. There are several versions about the origin of the name Cheboksary. Some scientists think “Shupashkar” (which is the Chuvash name for Cheboksary) means “a city or a fortified settlement of the Chuvashs”, while others think it comes from the Turkic word “su bashi” meaning “head of the army”. Thus the Chuvash name of the city stands for “a fortified settlement of a commander”.
Cheboksary was first mentioned in written sources in 1469, when Russian warriors stopped there on their way to the Kazan Khanate. However, its history goes back to earlier times. According to data of archeological diggings a Bulgarian-Chuvash settlement existed here from 13th -14th centuries. In 1555 the Russian military town Cheboksary was built, consisting of a fortress and a trading and industrial settlement. The 16th - 17th centuries saw the foundation of Vvedensky Cathedral, Troitsky and Preobrazhensky Monasteries, Nikolayevsky and Blagoveshchensky Convents and eight churches. From the 17th – 18th centuries Cheboksary became a well-known trading centre on the Volga River and in 1781 it acquired the status of a provincial town of Kazan Province.
In the early 19th century the population of Cheboksary amounted to 5 and a half thousand citizens. The industry was limited to a saw-mill and a few small factories. The town was famous for its numerous churches (25 churches and 4 monasteries); whereas Cheboksary’s church bells were known even in London and Paris
Our people keep the traditions and the memory of the past carefully and try to leave them for the descendants.


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