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The Rostov Academic Drama Theatre named after Maxim Gorky

Лаухтина Екатерина
Учитель Марина Алексеевна Плешакова
НОУ СОШ «Азъ Буки Веди»
Класс 10
Город Ростов-на-Дону

My name is Kate Lauhtina. I am 16 years old. I live in Rostov-on-Don. I painted previously. Now I go to the drama club. I try to take part in our school life. I want to be a doctor to help people. I love taking pictures of nature. I decided to write about the Rostov Academic Drama Theatre named after Maxim Gorky, because it is the pride of my hometown and favorite city.

The date of the foundation of the Theatre is considered to be June 23, 1863, when the first permanent theater group was created. However the theatre building itself was built in 1935, designed by the academician of architecture V. A. Shuko and Professor V. G. Helfreich. After the completion of the building many experts called it one of the best theatres in the country.
The theatre resembles a tractor by its shape. Before the Great Patriotic War, it was faced with a white Inkerman stone, and part of the façade - white marble. The Great Hall was designed for 2,250 spectators. The Small Hall was supposed for pop shows and concerts. The theatre building included also a library and a museum. The building has been included in the list of masterpieces of the Era of Constructivism. In London Museum of Architectural History Russia is represented by two models only. They are St. Basil's Cathedral and the Rostov Academic Drama Theatre named after Maxim Gorky. Le Corbusier and Oscar Niemeyer called our theatre the pearl of Soviet architecture.
The total number of viewers that the theatre could take, was truly enormous - 2,200 people. In one of the first performances the entire cavalry acted on the stage.
Since the beginning of World War II the theatre didn`t stop its work. In 1943 the Nazis retreating blew up the building of the theatre. The theatre troupe had performed in the building of the current Philharmonic for 20 years. It was only in 1963 that the theatre building in Theatre Square was restored. But the theatre has become much smaller and could accommodate 1165 people instead of 2 200.
Now the theatre has three venues: the Great Hall with 997 seats, the Small Hall with 384 seats and the Experimental Scene with 70 seats.


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