Kemerovo, the museum “Krasnaya Gorka”
Денисенко Елена Владимировна,
учитель английского языка
Муниципальное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение
«Средняя общеобразовательная школа № 34 имени
Амелина Станислава Александровича» г. Кемерово
“Krasnaya Gorka” is located in Rudnichny district of Kemerovo on the right bank of the river Tom. This is a unique museum where the monuments are combined in a theme park exhibiting the history of coal mining industry in Kuzbass. It was founded as a historical-architectural reserve in 1991. On the territory of the museum there is one of the most important Kuzbass monuments - Gorelaya Gora (Burnt Mount). Here in 1721 the coal explorer Michailo Volkov found the first piece of Kuznetsk coal. Red color of the mountain gave the name to the area and the museum. Inside the museum there are some displays that tell us about the history of Kemerovo mine - the first large enterprise that gave a push to the development of city industry. The exposition “Mine” is located in the basement of the museum. Coming here callers become familiar with primitive techniques of coal mining and conditions of mine labor which existed here a hundred years ago. «Krasnaya Gorka» keeps the documents and things related to the history of Autonomous Industrial Colony (AIC), an international organization functioning in Kuzbass from 1922 to 1927. People of 30 nationalities from different countries came to Siberia with the idea of helping Russia revive its economy. The Dutch hydro engineer S.Rutgers was appointed as manager of all the AIC enterprises in Kuzbass. The memorial exhibition “S.Rutgers” is located on the attic floor of the museum.
In the 21st century new monuments appeared on the territory of “Krasnaya Gorka”. “The Memory to the Miners of Kuzbass” monument by Ernst Neizvestny was officially opened in Kemerovo in 2003. In 2007 the sculptural composition “St Great Martyr Barbara – the Patroness of Miners” was erected in front of the main museum building.
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