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Kizhi Island

Ильина Марина ученица 11-д класса
МБОУ СОШ №4 имени В.В. Клочкова г. Чкаловск
Кижи – музей-заповедник

Kizhi Island- world legacy of UNESCO - “building without nails”
The island of Kizhi is located at the Northern end of the Onega Lake. The island is 7km long and 1.5km wide. The word "Kizhi" means "game" in Karelian. The island first gained significance in the 14th century , as a spot on the water route for trade between the White Sea to the north and the merchant-dominated city of Novgorod on the Volkhov River. In 1951 museamwas founded on the island. In 1960 it became State Museum of History, Architecture and Ethnography and contains more than 70 chapels, belfries, log-houses, mills, bath-houses, barns, smithies. The architectural ensemble of the KizhiPogost contains the Church of the Transfiguration, the Church of the Intercession and the tower that stands between them.
The major structure is the Church of the Transfiguration built in 1714, with 22 onion-domed cupolas. The work was performed by the carpenter Nestor. Next to the Church of the Transfiguration stands the Church of the Intercession (Pokrovskaya, built in 1764). Both churches interiors are richly ornamented iconostases.
The Church of Lazar of Murom is the oldest monument of wooden architecture in Russia – the Church was built in the middle of the 14th century. Among the many examples of wooden secular architecture are several peasant houses. A wooden wind mill, large and small granaries, and other farm buildings also represent this category of wooden architecture. All together, there are about 82 items for display.
Kizhi Island reminds me the best traditions of Russian culture.


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