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Surgut, the Oil Capital of Russia

Покровская Светлана Викторовна,
учитель английского языка
МБОУ СОШ № 7, Россия,
г. Сургут, ХМАО-ЮГРА
Участники: Пищальников Александр,
Резниченко Виктор, Упоров Никита

Surgut is a city in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, located on the Ob River near its junction with the Irtysh River. Surgut is the largest city in the autonomous okrug and the second largest in Tyumen Oblast. It was founded in 1594 by order of Tsar Feodor I and is one of the oldest in Siberia. The name of the city, according to one tradition, originates from the Khanty words "sur" (fish) and "gut" (hole, pit). The urbanization of Surgut took place in the 1960s, when it became a center of oil and gas production. On June 25, 1965 the work settlement of Surgut was granted town status.
Surgut features a continental subarctic climate, with long and cold winters and short but relatively warm summers.
Surgut's economy is tied to oil production (the city is known as "The Oil Capital of Russia") and the processing of natural gas. The most important enterprises are the oil firm Surgutneftegaz and Surgutgazprom (a unit of Gazprom).


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