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The Assumption Cathedral in Kolomna

Ученица 5«Б» класса Сбитнева Дарья.
Учитель английского языка
Аникеенко Наталья Николаевна,
высшая квалификационная категория.
Муниципальное бюджетное общеобразовательное
учреждение СОШ № 12

The Assumption Cathedral is the main church in Kolomna. It is situated on the territory of the Kremlin in Cathedral Square. The chronicles say that the present day cathedral was built in the 17th century. It appeared in the place where another building of the cathedral used to be. It was first erected at the order of Great Prince of Moscow Dmitry Donskoy in the 14th century to honor the victory of the Russian Army over the Tatar Yoke on the river Vozha and in the famous Battle of Kulikovo. The great Russian artist Pheophan Greek decorated the Cathedral with icon paintings in 1392. Up to 1591 the cathedral housed one of the Russian most honoured holy icons - “Mother of God Donskaya”. In the 18th century another holy icon appeared in the Cathedral - “Mother of God Vladimirskaya”. Since the 18th century the main church of Kolomna has undergone significant changes. Sadly, but in the Soviet times it was used as a storage building. A lot was destroyed in it and the domes were painted black – to hide the gold shining from Nazi pilots during the war of 1941-1945. The reconstruction of the Cathedral began in 1989 and on 7 June, 1993 the residents of Kolomna came to the Divine Liturgy served by Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II. Nowadays the residents and visitors see a mighty 5-domed building. Its austere white walls and gold crosses dominate the space of the square and look tremendous. Inside the Cathedral you can see magnificent icon paintings and the tomb-stones of Kolomna archbishops. The main church in Kolomna is open to the public on the great religious holidays. It attracts a lot of visitors and remains the centre of spiritual life.

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