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Kazan, If only stones could speak

Нуретдинова Эльвира,
ученица 9 класса,
МБОУ «Гимназия №1» имени Мусы Джалиля,
город Нижнекаск, РТ.

The history of Kazan is really surprising and full of mysteries. There are many legends about the name of the city. One of the legends is very popular. A Bulgar khan dropped a gold cauldron into the river. As "cauldron" in the Tatar language is "kazan" the river was called "Kazanka". Another says that the name of the city might come from the shape of the Kremlin hill, which looks like an upturned cauldron.
There are also legends about the symbol of the city. One of them says that a terrible two-headed winged snake lived in a large cave near the Kremlin hill. Every day it flew to Lake Kaban to drink water. The monster horrified the local people. They called it "Dzhilan" (which means "snake"). Later the snake was called Zilant and the place he lived in - the Zilantov Hill. At last Zilant was killed. The Kazan khan ordered to make its image the symbol of the city. Later it became the official coat of arms of Kazan.
The history of the Kazan Kremlin is also full of mysteries. Some legends are about the Suyumbike Tower. The tower was built on the ruins of the Kazan khan's palace. Moscow tsar Ivan the Terrible knew about the beauty of the Tatar Queen. He' wanted to marry her. He built a beautiful tower for her. Another legend says that the Kazan people called the tower after Suyumbike who said "no" to the Moscow tsar. It was very hard for Suyumbike to leave Kazan and become the Russian tsarina. She went to the top of the tower, looked around for the last time and threw herself down on the sharp stones.
As Kazan is an ancient city, its history is really full of mysteries and legends-Almost any place could tell us a lot about its history, dates and people.


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