Saint Petersburg, The History of Bridges
5 класс ГОУ СОШ 207
Центрального района Санкт-Петербурга.
Учитель: Богданова Наталья Валентиновна.
The Neva is a very broad and deep river, it has a fast current. People always needed to cross over it. The first bridges were floating. People needed permanent bridge. Only in 1850 the first steel movable bridge was built – Blagoveshchensky Bridge. Now it calls Lieutenant P. Schmidt Bridge after the famous Lieutenant P. Schmidt. It has one leaf bascule span near bank.
At the end of the 19th century the big steamboat appeared. And they couldn’t go through bascule span. So bridges were rebuilt. The bascule span had two leafs and moved to the middle, where is deeper. One of them is Palace Bridge – the most famous bridge and the main symbol of our city. These bridges were movable and at times became obstacles for traffic. But few years ago the new bridge over the Neva was built. It was not a movable bridge. It was high cable stayed bridge. It was called Bolshoy Obuhovsky Cable Stayed Bridge. Remarkably that it was fully made of steel, even pylons. It was a really new construction and very good present for 300th years anniversary of our city.
Now banks of the Neva are permanently linked together and to get other side of the Neva isn’t a problem. There are many bridges in Saint-Petersburg, nearly every of them is a masterpiece of architecture. The traffic becomes bigger and bigger and the city needs new bridges. And I hope that they will appear in the future and our city will become more beautiful and comfortable.
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