Arkhangelsk, Gostiny Dvor
Кузнецова Дарья Алексеевна.
Муниципальное бюджетное образовательное учреждение
«Общеобразовательная гимназия №6» города Архангельска.
Ученица 10 «Б» класса.
Arkhangelsk is a great industrial, cultural and scientific centre in the North, which is sometimes called «the capital of the Russian North». I would like to tell you about one of the most beautiful sights of our city.
Gostiny Dvor is the oldest building of our city. In ancient times the Russian word «gost» meant «merchant», so Gostiny Dvor was in fact a merchant yard, a trading centre. In the 17th century Arkhangelsk became a major centre of Russian trade with foreign countries. The Arkhangelsk Gostiny Dvor was a unique structure for those days: designed not only for trade but for defence purposes too, it consisted of three parts: the Russian merchant yard, the German merchant yard and the central part called the «stone town» which was actually a fortress. The structure had a quadrangular shape and stretched along the bank of the Northern Dvina for 400 meters. The Arkhangelsk Gostiny Dvor was the largest building of its kind in the 17th century and amazed its contemporaries by its magnificence and beauty.
In the course of time the building had been reconstructed several times and housed different offices: a customs, a printing works and editorial offices of the local newspapers. Today part of the building is used as an exhibition hall hosting various displays. It is planned to restore the Russian merchant yard in its original form. When the repair and restoration work is completed, the complex will house the Regional Museum of Local Lore. The architectural monument itself will also be shown to visitors.
In conclusion I’d like to point out that every day our city’s becoming more and more beautiful. I invite you to visit my native city and I’m sure you’ll get a great pleasure.
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