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The Old English Court

Литвинов Виталий Дмитриевич
ГБОУ СОШ № 19 имени Белинского
Ученик 6 класса «Б»
Учитель – Быкова Надежда Ильинична

Do you know that there is an Old English Court in Moscow? It was opened during the visit of Queen Elizabeth II to Moscow on October 18, 1994. This is a museum and it is housed in one of the oldest buildings in Moscow. The Old English Court was built near the Kremlin as a private home for a wealthy merchant. Ivan the Terrible gave it as a present to a group of English merchants who arrived in Murmansk in 1553 from the court of Edward IV. They had been sent to look for a northern passage to India, but they were happy to start trade with Russia. The English called their company – the Moskovy Company. They were allowed to trade duty free. The English brought wool, metals and wine in return for furs, caviar, honey and other things. The trade between the two countries lasted for almost a century. Tsar Alexey I put an end to it.
In 1649 the building became private property and was the home of several famous men including the Miloslavsky family, Metropolitan Philaret of Nizhni Novgorod and the merchant Solodovnikov. The house was rebuilt several times. It was only thanks to Pyotr Baranovsky, a Moscow architect, that the building was restored to its original form. Each room in the Old English Court Museum is devoted to a particular aspect of Anglo-Russian trade, diplomatic and cultural relations in the 16th-17th centuries. The museum has two exhibitions called "Medieval Russia through the Eyes of a Foreigner" and "The History of Anglo-Russian Relations".
This is a fascinating place and, if you are interested in history, you should visit it.


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