Saint Petersburg Gostiny Dvor
Учитель английского языка Новицкая Татьяна Викторовна
Образовательное учреждение школа №266
Адмиралтейского района Санкт-Петербург
Let us make a stroll along Nevsky Prospect. To the right we come to Gostiny Dvor, Nevsky Prospect 35, a two-storey arcaded yellow building which takes up a whole block. In ancient times the word “guest” (gost) in Russian meant the same as “merchant”, and so “Gostiny Dvor” simply means “shopping arcade”. Gostiny Dvor is a historical term for an indoor market, or shopping center. Such buildings, constructed in every large Russian town during the first decades of the 19th century, are fine examples of neoclassical architecture.
Gostiny Dvor is still the biggest trade centre in Saint-Petersburg however it was constructed in the times of Catherine’s reign. The initial project of F.Rastrelli, a masterpiece of luxurious baroque was rejected by merchants for the reason of “great burden of capital”. Finally Gostiny Dvor was built by G.B. Vallen-Delamote in Early Classical style. This decision was considered to be remarkable because the baroque had been out of style. Stone Gostiny Dvor was built during 25 years and it was finished in 1785. Originally it consisted of 178 separate shops, but in 1955-58 the store, severely damaged during the 900-day siege of Leningrad, was renovated and the inner walls were torn down, providing plenty of space for the largest store in Saint-Petersburg. There are four lines in “Gostinka”: Nevskaya, Perinnaya, Suvorovskaya and Zerkalnaya.
Throughout its long history Gostiny Dvor has witnessed a lot historical events. Many celebrities used it as the backdrop for their books. Nowadaysc it houses one of the largest department stores in the city.
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