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Biysk - the oldest town of the Altai Region

Несуненко Елена Александровна
МБОУ «СОШ №12 с УИОП»,
г.Бийска, Алтайского края
Учитель английского языка

Biysk is a very interesting place to visit that one could possibly imagine. The name of the city is immediately relevant to the name of the river Biya which in the Turkish languages meant “a master ”. There are a great number of interesting legends about a young hunter called Biy, a beautiful girl Katun and their love. But the scientists came to the conclusion that the syllable “bi” in the languages of the native Siberian population meant “water” or “river”. That’s why the name of the river is the Biya. The City Emblem is a gold mountain with a mine and a horse against a green background which shows that Biysk belonged to Tomsk province and there were metal mines (gold, silver and copper).
Biysk is the oldest town of the Altai Region. The pages of its history (nearly 300 years old) are full of interesting events. On the 18th of July 1709 Peter the Great founded a small wooden fortress on the banks of the river Biya. In the middle of the 19th century Biysk was a typical provincial town of prerevolutionary Russia. It became the greatest center of trade with Mongolia and China and that’s why the famous Chuisky Highway was built there. In 1915the town was connected with Barnaul the capital of the region by the railway. After the Great Patriotic War Biysk became the 2nd industrial and cultural center of Altai.
Many centuries have passed since the time. Biysk has changed a lot. Now it has modern buildings of banks and offices, schools, churches, museums and a wonderful local theatre. The ground floors are used for shops, café, hair-dressing saloons.


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