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There is no place like home (My Bashkortostan)

Янбаева Алия,
Ученица 9 Б класса
МАОУ «Гимназия № 3
им. Джалиля Киекбаева»
г. Стерлитамака
Республики Башкортостан

Bashkortostan is a land of unseen natural beauty. It is a land of high mountains and beautiful rivers and lakes, inexhaustible mineral resources and large pieces of virgin land. The Bashkirs are known to have lived in the Urals since ancient times. That is why most of places of interest have Bashkir names. The world “Ural” is believed to originate from the words “Ur” (a hill) and “Al” (gold). This name might have been inherited from Bashkirs for the rich variety of mineral resources.
There is a Bashkir fairy tale about a giant who carried a big belt with deep pockets, all his precious things being kept in the pockets. One day he stretched the belt and it lay across the whole land – from the Kara Sea in the north to the shores of the Caspian Sea in the south. In this way the Urals were formed. “Ural” is a belt in Bashkir. They are 250 km long, their width differing in some places. In some places the mountains are 40 km wide; in some places they are more than 150 km wide. Bashkir tribes lived in the south of the Urals in the first millennium. At the time they practiced cattle-breeding, hunting, fishing as well as growing bread wheat, ore-mining and melting metals. After becoming a part of the Russian state, many positive life aspects were adopted from Russians. Bashkirs followed the example of Russians and practiced more arable farming.
The Bashkirs have always been good warriors, workers and holiday-makers. Sabantui is a popular state holiday. It is closely associated with hard work. The wheat having been planted, people started celebrating. The Bashkirs are known not only for their customs and traditions but their dances. They are a part and parcel of the people’s life and their character, men’s dances reflecting bravery, women’s dances reflecting labour.


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