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Rzhev Battles

Ватьков Родион
Санкт-Петербургский Кадетский Корпус
16 лет , 10 класс
Преподаватель: Ситченко Татьяна Владимировна

My name is RodionVatkov. I am 16 years old. I was born in Tver , but now I study at the Cadet Corps in Saint-Petersburg. I visited many places in Tver region but I forgot Rzhev best of all , because Rzhev was the place of the combat actions. I would like to retell about Rzhev Battles. Rzhev Battles is a general term for a series of World War IIoffensives launched during January 8, 1942—March 31, 1943 by the Soviet Red Army in the general directions of Rzhev, Sychevka and Vyazma against a German salient in the vicinity of Moscow, known as the "Rzhev meat grinder" for these battles' huge losses.
This part of the Second World War was poorly covered by Soviet military historiography, and what coverage exists occurred only after thedissolution of the Soviet Union, when historians gained access to relevant documents. Exact dates of particular battles, their names, outcomes, significance, and even losses have not been fully clarified.
A reminder of these nameless battles is the poem by AleksandrTvardovsky which contains the evocative phrase I was killed near Rzhev... For the whole series of Rzhev battles, the numbers are not clear but the total Soviet losses are estimated at between 500,000 and 1,000,000 men. German losses are estimated at between 300,000 and 450,000 men.
In the words of author David Glantz: "In the unlikely event that Zhukov was correct and Mars was really a diversion, there has never been one so ambitious, so large, so clumsily executed, or so costly".
In 2009 a television movie was aired in Russia entitled "Rzhev: Marshal Zhukov’s Unknown Battle". I think that young generation must remember the feat of the Soviet people and proud of it.

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