The Peter and Paul Fortress
Клюкин Антон, кадет 10 класса
Санкт-Петербургский кадетский корпус
Преподаватель: Ситченко Татьяна Владимировна»
My name is Anton. I study at the Cadet corps. I want to tell about The Peter and Paul Fortress. The Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg, Russia, founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and built to DomenicoTrezzini's designs from 1706-1740.
The fortress was established by Peter the Great on May 16 1703 on small Hare Island by the north bank of the Neva River, the last upstream island of the Neva delta. Built at the height of the Northern War in order to protect the projected capital from a feared Swedish counterattack, the fort never fulfilled its martial purpose. The citadel was completed with six bastions in earth and timber within a year, and it was rebuilt in stone from 1706-1740.
From around 1720, the fort served as a base for the city garrison and also as a prison for high ranking or political prisoners. The Trubetskoy bastion, rebuilt in the 1870s, became the main prison block. The first person to escape from the fortress prison was the anarchist Prince Peter Kropotkin in 1876.
During the February Revolution of 1917, it was attacked by mutinous soldiers of the Pavlovskii regiment on February 27 and the prisoners were freed. Under the Provisional Government hundreds of Tsarist officials were held in the Fortress. In 1924, most of the site was converted to a museum. In 1931, the Gas Dynamics Laboratory was added to the site. The structure suffered heavy damage during the bombardment of the city during WW II by the German army who were laying siege to the city. It has been faithfully restored post-war. The Peter and Paul Fortress is the most popular attraction in Saint-Petersburg. I like this beautiful place and I never forget it.
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