The KIZHI Federal Museum of Cultural History and Architecture
Гришина Ксения Сергеевна
ГОУ ЦО «Школа здоровья» № 1317.
Centre of Education «Health School» №1317
Kizhi is an island near the geometrical center of Lake Onega in the Republic of Karelia . It` s a popular place of history, with the beautiful old churches. The collection of the Open-Air “Kizhi” Museum includes 89 monuments of wooden architecture: old chapels and houses, windmills and granaries. The Island is home to the oldest wooden church in Russia, the Church of the Resurrection of Lazarus, which was built in the late 14th century.
The Ensemble includes: The Church of the Transfiguration of Our Saviour (1714), The Church of the Intercession of the Virgin Mary (1694-1764), a bell tower (1862, rebuilt in 1874), a log wall on a stone foundation (the stone foundation was laid in 1800, the log wall was reconstructed in 1959). The biggest one of them is called The Church of the Transfiguration of Our Saviour. No nails were used in the construction of the wooden architecture of Kizhi Island. Instead, pieces of wood have been notched together to form even the most intricate structures. Many of the buildings on Kizhi Island have stood for centuries. Since 1966 the Kizhi museum has been functioning as a separate cultural organization. In 1993 the Kizhi museum was included into the State Code of Cultural Heritage Sites of Special Value of the Russian Federation. A reconstructed village on Kizhi Island demonstrates traditional arts and crafts and tasks of peasant life in Karelia Region of Russia. Villages original to the island exist, and some houses are still inhabits by locals.
The international organization devotes much attention to the Kizhi Architectural Ensemble enlisted into the World Heritage List of UNESCO and to preparation for the restoration of the Church of the Transfiguration of Our Savior. The World Heritage List of UNESCO aims at protecting and popularizing unique objects of historical and cultural heritage.
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