ST.-PETERSBURG-CRUISER AURORA, history
ГБОУ лицей № 64 СПб
Ученик 4 а класса
Учитель Елецких Галина Владимировна
I was born in St.-Petersburg. It is my favourite city in the world. I’d like to tell you about one of its most popular tourist’s object-AURORA!
The Aurora's keel was laid down at the "New Admiralty" shipyard in St.Petersburg on 23 May 1897. The cruiser was launched on 11 May 1900 and joined the Navy of Russia in July1903.
During the Russian-Japanese War the cruiser, being included in the second Pacific Ocean squadron, sailed to the Far East (October 1904 - May 1905). The cruiser Aurora had her baptism of fire in the Tsushima battle on 14-15 May 1905. When she returned to the Baltic sea, the Aurora for a long time was used as a ship for training naval cadets of the Naval College.
In 1917 the Aurora's crew took an active part in the February and October revolutionary activities and the Civil War repulsing international intervention. Till 1940 students of Naval colleges did practical work on the cruiser. With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War the cruiser Aurora with her crew defended Leningrad.
In 1948 the cruiser Aurora was moored at the Petrogradskaya embankment of Leningrad and till 1956 was used as a naval training ship by the Leningrad Nakhimov College. In 1956 the cruiser Aurora was made a museum (a branch of the Central Naval Museum). For 45 years the museum has been visited by more than 28 million people from 160 countries. In July 1992 the Saint Andrew Naval Banner - the symbol of Russian naval power - was raised over the ship again.
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