The Amur River
Щетинина Юлия Владимировна,
The Amur is a main river in the Far Eastern region. The Amur River basin covers a vast territory, more than 1.8 million square kilometers of Russian, Chinese and Mongolian lands. Such major waterways as the Zeya, the Bureya, the Ussuri, the Songhua River are its tributaries.
The name of the river comes from the Tungusic language "amar", "Damour" and means "big river". The Chinese called the Amur "heiho", that is "Black River", then "Heilongjiang" - "Black Dragon River". The Mongols called the Amur "Amur Khara-Muren" - "black water". Actually the Amur river begins after the joining of the Shilka - "narrow valley" in Evenki and the Argun - "wide" (ergun) in Mongolian.
The length of the river is 2824 km from the joining of the Shilka and the Argun with the Gulf of Sakhalin of the Okhotsk Sea. In the area of the pool (1855 sq km ²) The Amur is the fourth largest river in Russia (after the Yenisei, the Ob and the Lena) and the tenth among the world's rivers. The peculiarities of the valley the river is divided into three main sections: the upper Amur River (to the Zeya mouth, 883 km), the middle Amur River (from the Zeya mouth, to the Ussuri mouth, 975 km) and the lower Amur River (from the Ussuri mouth to Nikolaevsk-na-Amur, 966 km).
Flora and fauna of the Amur basin is very diverse. There are more than 5,000 species of plants, about 400 species of birds, 70 species of mammals, including the Amur tiger. In the basin of the river there are more than 130 species of freshwater fish. It is still here that one can meet the biggest sturgeon of the world, Kaluga, whose weight can exceed a ton.
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