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Kaluga – the cradle of cosmonautics

Улыбышев Александр, ученик 5 а класса
Учитель английского языка
Захарова Наталья Дмитриевна
МБОУ СОШ № 15 г. Калуги

Увлекаюсь научно-популярной литературой, исследовательскими проектами, в феврале 2012 г. участвовал в городской конференции "Старт в науку"

My town Kaluga is called the сradle of cosmonautics with tenderness because the famous Russian scientist Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, a founder of theoretical cosmonautics, an eminent inventor had lived and worked there for 40 years. The symbol of my town is the Museum of cosmonautics, which carries out a large-scale work on the study and popularization of the heritage of Tsiolkovsky, on the history of rocket production and cosmonautics. It was established with the personal assistance of S.P. Korolev and Yu.A. Gagarin and was opened in 1967. You can see a lot of exhibits, from the first man-made satellite to modern permanent space stations.
There are numerous monuments to this outstanding man in Kaluga but my favourite one is in Teatralnaya street. It was erected on the eve of the 50th anniversary of Yury Gagarin’s flight in the genre of a street sculpture. We can see a figure of a bearded man in a peasant-style robe, plunged into his ideas, looking at the sky. He is holding his favorite bicycle. In the beginning of the 20th century, he used to ride a bicycle along the streets of our town. The great merit of this sculpture, made by Svetlana Farliyeva , is that the great scientist was depicted close to people, without pomposity. There is no pedestal. On the one hand , Konstantin Eduardovich was a common person, beloved by his family and students. On the other hand , he was a genious who had passed the love to cosmonautics to the future generations.,’’ Yuri A.Gagarin who visited Kaluga soon after his historic flight said,”I am happy to be the first to have materialized Tsiolkovsky’s visions, consummating the efforts of people who paved the way for the first manned spaceflight.”

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