Mezhdurechensk: Kuznetskiy Alatau Nature Reserve
Уржумова Тамара Семёновна,
The Kuznetskiy Alatau (from Turk. – a colourful mountain) Nature Reserve was organized in the eastern part of Kemerovo Region in 1989. Its total area is 412 900 hectares. Considering the complicated ecological situation in Kuzbass where industrial production is increasing, new cuts and mines are opening, it is difficult to overestimate the importance of the reserve as a natural laboratory of fresh water and clean air, as a center for the conservation of the gene pool of the region’s flora and fauna. The reserve and buffer zone, which covers four administrative districts, allows saving a vast natural complex of the central Kuznetskiy Alatau. Unique in the Kuznetskiy Alatau for the inland areas of the northern hemisphere is the existence of small glaciers on the unusually low height above sea level. The vegetation of the area is specific. At the foot of the mountain ranges and ridges are areas of steppe, forest steppe, pine and hardwood forests. On the slopes of the mountains stretched taiga, where fir and cedar, birch and aspen grow. The mountain peaks are covered with sub-alpine meadows, mountain tundra and rock rivers. It is home to Siberian red deer, elk, deer, sable, musk deer and reindeer.
One of the priorities of environmental education is an excursion and tourist activities on the basis of the Ecological Reserve Centre. It is located in a green belt and is a hallmark of the reserve. Here visitors can not only relax but also acquire the necessary knowledge about the wildlife of the Kuzbass. It has the center with information for visitor and museum exhibition halls, open-air cages and horse rental. Children often draw pictures, write educational researches and always help to protect the priceless and beautiful nature of Siberia.
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