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Dymkovo toys

Горшкова Юлия Львовна
КОГОАУ «Лицей естественных наук»
Учитель высшей квалификационной категории,
стаж более 10 лет

My native city Kirov (Vyatka) is hidden in the depths of the continent between Nizhny Novgorod and the Urals, eight hundred kilometers from the Arctic Ocean and a thousand from the Caspian Sea. The city was founded in 1374 on the banks of the river Vyatka. Throughout its history the city had several names: first it was called Khlynov, then Vyatka and in 1934 the city was named after S. M. Kirov, a famous statesman of the past. The region has got long winters and fleeting summer. Probably, to it are the words: the land of evergreen tomatoes. But what an elegant winter is in Vyatka, what a colorful painting autumn walks in Vyatka forests! Maybe all these favor the development of Dymkovo toys.
Dymkovo toys are one of the oldest handicrafts which are more than 400 years old. It arose in the settlement of Dymkovo on the other side of the river near the city of Vyatka. Why the settlement was called Dymkovo? In the winter, when furnaces were fired and in the summer on cloudy days, the settlement was all as if in a haze. The origin of Dymkovo toys is linked with the local festival of the Vyatka province, Svistoplyaska ("whistle-dance", dancing with and to whistles) to which the female population of the settlement modeled toys out of clay: horses, sheep, goats, bears, reindeer and ducks. Later, when the festival lost its importance, home trade is not only preserved, but also has received its further development.
Dymkovo toy is an artificial art. Each toy is the creation of one master. There is no and can`t be two identical toys. Each toy is unique and exclusive.For the production of toys the local red clay is used, thoroughly mixed with sifted river sand. The distinctive features of Dymkovo toys are simple geometric ornamental patterns, bright colors with a lot of red, yellow, blue, green and scarlet. Complete the decoration of toys diamonds of gold leaf, pasted over the top of the pattern.
Dymkovo toy has become one of the brands of the Kirov region, emphasizing the identity of the Vyatka region, its rich and ancient history.

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