Reutov, the history of the town
Артамонов Илья Михайлович , 9 класс
I’d like to tell you about my home town. I’m from Reutov. The exact date of Reutov's foundation is unknown; however, most historians believe that it was founded between 1492 and 1495. In the 17th-18th centuries, the village of Reutovo belonged to the dynasties of Prince Turenin and Prince Vasily Dolgorukov. At the beginning of the 18th century, Reutovo became a village. Census Book of 1709 has a record of the village of Reutovo, owned by the Prince Vasily Dolgorukov. In 1787, the village was acquired by Prince N. I. Maslov. Under his rule Reutovo became a luxurious country estate. At the beginning of the 19th century, Prince Maslov went bankrupt and the village became a property of Lt. Col. A. M. Pokhvistnev who in 1824 built a cotton mill. Yarn from the factory was among the best in Russia and won a gold medal at the All-Russian National Show in 1831. Shortly after that Pokhvistnev sold the land and the mill.
Since 1955, Reutov is the host for NPO Mashinostroyeniya, formerly known as USSR Experimental Design Bureau, where development of various robotic and manned space satellites, ICBMs, cruise missiles takes place; the long time director was Vladimir Chelomey. The town is separated from Moscow by the Moscow Ring Road. Reutov has the status of a science-town and celebrates its anniversary on the last Saturday of September.
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