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Shulgan-Tash or Kapova Cave

Грешнова Ирина Андреевна
МБОУ гимназия №1
9б класс
Учитель Синельникова Людмила Геннадьевна

My name is Irina Greshnova. I come from a little town in the south of Bashkortostan. The name of the town is Ishimbai. I am in the 9 class of gymnazia №1. I want to tell you about a very unusual place in my republic. Bashkortostan is famous for its caves for a long time. One of the most famous is named Shulgan-Tash or Kapova Cave. It is one of the longest and deepest caves in the Urals. It is many-storeyed. It has lots of cave courses. Shulgan-Tash is located in the region of Burzuan not far from the bank of the Belaya River (or the Agidel).
The cave became famous in 1959 when Alexander Rumin, a zoologist, went into the cave looking for bats and saw colourful pictures of different animals on the walls of the cave. It became a real worldwide sensation. The entrance of the cave is a huge tunnel. The entrance arch is about 20 meters high and 40 meters wide. To the left you can see a lake. The river Shulgan begins from the lake. The water of the lake is not good for drinking but it is useful for bathing. There are many large rooms, galleries and corridors in the cave. It turns out to be that the climate there is absolutely special. Every floor of Shulgan-Tash has its own temperature, humidity and air circulation. People try to cure different illnesses using the climate of the cave. The air is pure there and the atmosphere is very good for relaxation. Lots of people from all over the world come here to see the unusual place. But unfortunately it damages the microclimate of the cave.

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