Taganrog and A. Chekhov
My favourite writer is Anton Chekhov. I think he’s the greatest Russian dramatist and short story writer. I’m never tired of reading and rereading his plays and humorous stories. Chekhov was born in 1860 in Taganrog. In college he wrote humorous sketches for comic papers to support his family. Though he never gave up writing comic stories, he began working in a more serious vein. In 1887 Ivanov, his first play, established Chekhov as a dramatist.
By 1892 his health was so bad that he was afraid to spend another winter in Moscow. He bought a small house near the village Melikhovo. He spent 5 years there. He wrote some of his best stories including Ward No 6, several well-known one-act comedies and two of his serious dramatic masterpieces. The Seagull was the first to stage in Petersburg. But it was a complete failure because of the dull production. It was a cruel blow to Chekhov. However, the play was successfully performed in Moscow. The Cherry Orchard, his last play was produced in 1904. Soon after the first night Chekhov died. He was 44.
Both in Russia and abroad writers studied and imitated Chekhov to perfect their own literary style. Chekhov had an immense influence on the 20th century drama.
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