Orenburg Is a Crossroads of Religions
Orenburg's geographical position reflects the multinationality of its population. Orenburg is not very religious, like the majority of the population of Russia. However, religious and cultural traditions influence the characteristics of culture, behavior and lifestyles.
In Orenburg there are Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, but the dominant religions are Orthodox Christianity and Sunni Islam. Nowadays in Orenburg there are also sects of Christians-Baptists, Mennonites, Seventh Day Adventists, Pentecostals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormons, Molokans, etc. 325 religious associations are registered in Orenburg region. Traditionally the Orthodox are the representatives of the Slavic and Finno-Ugrian people, among the believers of the Turkic population is dominated by Muslims. Orthodoxy and Islam are represented in all areas of the region.
All nationalities and religions in Orenburg region live in peace and harmony. That is proved by the numerous temples, churches and mosques. The most famous and beautiful are St. Nicholas Church, which was built in 1883, the Church of St. Sergius of Radonezh, the temple of John the Holy Apostle and Evangelist, which was built in 1902, the parish of the Holy great Martyr Demetrius of Thessalonica, which was built in 1890, Pokrovskaya Church (parish of the Holy Virgin) was built in 1853, The Roman-Catholic Church (parish of the Mother of God) (1847), Parish of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Russia, the mosque Hussaini was opened in 1805, Madrasah Hussaini was founded in 1889. It had a rich library with artistic, philosophical, educational literature, educational and periodicals in many languages: Russian, Tatar, Arabic, Turkish, Persian, etc.
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