Anichkov palace, the history
My name is Alex Kotenko.
There is a palace in St. Petersburg, built by decree of Elizabeth Petrovna. Building of the palace in the style of baroque was launched in 1741. One of the most famous Russian architects Mikhail Grigorievich Zemtsov made the project. After the death of Zemtsov another well-known architect F.B. Rastrelli completed the palace. The palace was built on the bank of the river Fontanka.
Construction works continued for thirteen years and finally finished in 1754. The palace was presented to Aleksey Razumovsky. After his death, the palace reverted to the crown, but soon Catherine the Great of Russia gave it to Prince Potemkin in 1776. The architect Ivan Starov was rebuilt the palace in the newly-fashionable Neoclassical style. A regular park was laid out by an English garden architect, William Hould. It is an interesting legend about the name of the palace. The soldiers of the admiralty battalion of the officer M. Anichkov built the first wooden bridge across the Fontanka river, that is known as Anichkov bridge now. Several years later a new palace became this name too. In the reign of Alexander III the palace became the imperial residence. In halls of the palace you can see the remarkable collection of paintings . After the October revolution in 1917 there was the Museum of old St-Petersburg. In 1935 it was converted into “the palace for pioneers”. It was called the Young Pioneer Palace. Since that time the palace has housed over hundred after-school clubs for more than 10,000 children.
During the Great Patriotic War in 1941 there was a hospital. After the hospital was closed in May 1941, the Palace was re-opened for children of blockade. It was very important for boys and girls, who lived in that horrible time. The palace and the teachers, who worked there, helped children to survive.
Nowadays the Anichkov palace is very famous in our city. Many boys and girls visit it every day. There you can find a theatre club, a circus club, a painting studio and many others after-school activity clubs.
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