The Svyato-Troitsky Antoniyev-Siysky Monastery (the Holy Trinity Monastery of Antony of Siya), the Kholmogorsky District of the Arkhangelsk Region
Харюшева Юлия Сергеевна
The Antoniyevo-Siysky Monastery was founded in 1520 by the Reverend Antony on a smallish island on the Mikhailovskoye Lake. It bears the name of its first and main cathedral – the Holy Trinity Monastery.
Fyodor Nikitich Romanov, the father of Mikhail Romanov who would establish the Romanov dynasty of the Russian tsars, was in exile here (1599-1605) and was made a monk against his will under the name of Filaret; later (in 1619) he became the Patriarch of Moscow and All-Russia. In the 16th-18th centuries Antony of Siya Monastery became the largest spiritual and cultural center of the Dvina River Land. The Monastery had huge archives of more than 20 thousand items: donation records, census records, account-books, etc. The outstanding monument of ancient Russian culture, the Siya icon painting original with 500 outline drawings from the Western Europe icons-gravures was made in the Monastery, too. The revival of the Antony of Siya Monastery began in 1992 with its being transferred to the possession of the Russian Orthodox Church under the Father Superior Hegumen Trifon.
At present there are 13 monks living in the Monastery, and 60 workers live here permanently. Devine service, spiritual and educational, charity and missionary activities have been renewed. Following ancient traditions a library, an icon painting workshop, candle production are being revived in the Antony of Siya Monastery.The Monastery owns hayfields, ploughed fields, forests, a farm, stables; greenhouses and a garage have been built; bakery, mechanic’s, joiner’s, furrier’s, shoemaker’s shops are opened. The Monastery churches are being reconstructed. Annually up to 5 thousand pilgrims from Russia and abroad visit the Svyato-Troitsky Antoniyev-Siysky Monastery.
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