Хейфец Екатерина Александровна
Legend. While Ivan IV was a minor, armies of the Kazan Khanate repeatedly raided the northeast of Russia. The old Moscow legend has it that when Ivan IV led a 150,000-strong Russian army towards Kazan the deacon proclaimed during the divine service the Gospel verse: "Let there be one flock and one shepherd", and a part of the fortification of the enemy, which was placed under the tunnel, flew into the air, and the Russian troops entered Kazan. Kazan finally fell on 2 October, 1552.
Ivan the Terrible celebrated his victory over Kazan by building several churches with oriental features, most famously Saint Basil’s Cathedral on Red Square in Moscow.
The original building, known as "Trinity Church" and later "Trinity Cathedral", contained eight side churches arranged around the ninth, central church of Intercession; the tenth church was erected in 1588 over the grave of venerated local saint Vasily (Basil). The building's design, shaped as a flame of a bonfire rising into the sky, has no analogues in Russian architecture. It is like no other Russian building. Nothing similar can be found in the entire millennium of Byzantine tradition from the fifth to fifteenth century. The cathedral foreshadowed the climax of Russian national architecture in the 17th century.
A victim of state atheism, the church was confiscated from the Russian Orthodox community as part of the Soviet Union's anti-theist campaigns and has operated as a division of the State Historical Museum since 1928. It was completely and forcefully secularized in 1929 and, as of 2011, remains a federal property of the Russian Federation. The church has been part of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990.
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