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Nizhny Novgorod. Appeal Square.

Ледяева Юлия Константиновна 11 б класс
МАОУ СОШ с углубленным изучением отдельных предметов
№ 118. Учитель – Баранцева Ольга Вячеславовна

Nizhny Novgorod is an old city. There are many places connected with its history and Russia in the whole. The place I would like to write about can be considered as one of Nizhny Novgorod landmarks and it is Appeal Square.
It appeared in Nizhny Novgorod not long ago, though its history goes back to the 17th century. It is situated at the foot of the Kremlin hill. The square itself is not large but it includes several historical objects. One of them is St.John the Baptist Church. This church was very famous in old times and gave the name to the Ivanovskaya Tower of the Kremlin. It was originally wooden but in 1683 it was rebuilt and got its massive rock walls.
Another legendary object is the building which used to be a doss-house many years ago and was called as “Bugrovskaya Nochlezhka”. It was built in 1880-1883. The inhabitants of the doss-house were the people upon whom the characters of Gorky’s well-known play “At the Bottom” were based.
In the centre of the square you can find the Statue of Minin and Pozharsky. The name of the square is connected with certain historical events. The place is believed to be the very one from where a local merchant Kuzma Minin appealed to the people of Nizhny Novgorod to raise a volunteer army against the Poles. His appeal was unanimously supported. The army was gathered, and, commanded by Dmitry Pozharsky, expelled the Polish troops from Moscow, thus putting an end to the “Times of Troubles” and establishing the rule of the Romanov dynasty. In commemoration of these events on October 21, 2005 an exact copy of the Red Square Statue of Minin and Pozharsky was erected in front of the church.
Appeal Square is not the central one in Nizhny Novgorod but it is the place where people come on November 4 when Russia’s National Unity Day is celebrated and where the main events devoted to this day are held.

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