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Mamaev Kurgan

Михеев Алан, студент группы 1ТО-05
ГБОУ СПО г. Москвы Технический пожарно-спасательный колледж № 57
Преподаватель – Жарова Виктория Александровна

Mamayev Kurgan (Russian: Мамаев Курган) is a dominant height overlooking the city of Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad) in Southern Russia. The name in Russian means "tumulus of Mamai".
The original Mamayev Kurgan was a Tartar burial mound 102 metres high. The current formation is dominated by a memorial complex commemorating the Battle of Stalingrad (from August 1942 to February 1943). The battle was a decisive Soviet victory over Axis forces on the Eastern front of World War II and arguably the bloodiest battle in human history. At the time of its installation in 1967 the statue named The Motherland Calls formed the largest freestanding sculpture in the world.
Many things in Mamaev Kurgan are symbolic. There are 200 stairs that go to the statue, each representing a day in the battle. And the alley of poplars is also 200 m’s long; again every meter represents a day in the battle. After the poplars alley, we ran into a statue having a grenade and an automatic rifle in his hand. The upper body of the statue is naked which means it is for every Soviet soldier regardless of rank and the facial features are made like Marchal Chuikovs. Besides this statue you may see “Motherland is calling” statue. So it is meant the soldier is protecting his country.
We do not know the exact figures of how many died on this hill, but after the war, when they looked at the soil, in each square meter there were between 500 and 1,200 metal fragments embedded in the soil from the thousands of bombs and bullets dropped here. During the first spring of 1943, there was no grass on this hill because the grass couldn’t grow through the metal, but many, many people were lost on this hill.

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