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Krasnodar krai

Смирнова Ксения, студентка группы 2КВ-05
ГБОУ СПО г. Москвы Технический пожарно-спасательный
колледж № 57
Преподаватель – Жарова Виктория Александровна

Various tribes and nations from ancient times populated the territory of the present Krasnodar krai. Genoa republic founded several colonies in the Middle Ages, later the region was conquered by Mongols of the Golden Horde. Later the lands of Krasnodar krai were captured by Russia. In 1735 Russian state began to build Caucasian fortifications to defend the region from Ottoman Empire. Russia and Turkey had numerous wars with the main aim to establish the control of Black Sea regions. Krasnodar krai was one of the centers of resistance after Bolshevik revolution of 1917. The Civil war on the territory of the region was lasting until 1920. German armies captured the territory of Krasnodar krai during World War II, but after Caucasus battle it was liberated. There are about 1500 monuments and memorials commemorating fights and heroes of World War II. Krasnodar krai has the largest part of Russian tourism industry visited mainly by domestic tourists. About 25% of Russian hotels and resorts are situated in Krasnodar krai. Among the main attractions of Krasnodar krai are Western Caucasus Mountains slopes. Also Krasnodar krai city Sochi is the host city of Winter Olympic Games of 2014.

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